In 1956, he started the publishing of the "Anuario de Eusko Folklore" (Handbook of Eusko Folklore) again from volume XV, under the patronage of the "Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi" and started his archaeological research again by creating new teams of young researchers. We should mention the excavations in Leizetxiki, Aitzbitarte, Kurtzia, Atxeta, Urtiaga, Axlor, Ekain, among others.
From 1965 until 1977, Barandiarán holds the chair of Basque Ethnology created at the University of Navarre. He prepares the Etniker plan, creating groups of researchers and collaborators in all the Basque regions, whose task was to carry out a systematic plan of ethnographic research with the aim of putting together an Ethnographic Atlas of the Basque Country.
In 1972, the great Basque encyclopaedia of Bilbao begins to publish his complete works, which covered 22 volumes.
In 1973, he creates the Biscay´s Etniker group of ethnographic research, whose head office is the Labayru Euskal Library of Derio.
In 1976, together with Mr. Manuel Lekuona, Drs. Irigay and Garate, Mr. Manuel de Irujo and Mr. Agustín Zumalabe, members of the last standing board of the "Sociedad de Estudios Vascos" (Association of Basque Studies), Barandiarán starts up this Association again. At the general meeting in Oñate, in September 1976, he is unanimously appointed chairman of Eusko Ikaskuntza.
In April 1978, the Basque Country´s University grants him the Doctorate "Honoris Causa". In 1981, the University of Theology of Vitoria also grants him the Doctorate "Honoris Causa.
In 1983, the Diputación Foral of Guipúzcoa appoints him favourite son of the province.
In October 1986, the University of Deusto grants him the Doctorate "Honoris Causa".
On the 28th of January 1987, in a solemn ceremony taken place in the assembly hall of the University Complutense of Madrid and in the presence of the whole teaching staff, he is granted the doctorate "Honoris Causa".
In December 1987, Eusko Jaurlaritza (the Basque Government) grants him the Gernika´s tree cross.
José Miguel de Barandiarán died in Ataun, on the 21st of December 1991, at the age of 101 years old.